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    北極熊棲息地將顯示在谷歌“街景”圖片上

    作者:未知

      北極熊作為氣候變化的指向動物而被熟知,但它們主要生活在北極冰層,很少有人有機會在野外看到它們。
      谷歌與北極熊國際協會開展新的合作,意在將引人入勝和近在咫尺的北極熊生活帶入全球的千家萬戶和學校。這項在國際北極熊日當天發起的項目,主要集中在加拿大哈德孫灣沿岸馬尼托巴湖的丘吉爾港(北極熊遷徙的必經之路),被稱為“世界北極熊之都”。
      每年秋季,數百只北極熊聚集在丘吉爾港周圍的苔原地帶,等待港灣結冰,然后開始覓食海豹。
      去年,谷歌的專家在北極熊聚集丘吉爾港的季節訪問了該市,并將一個谷歌街景“背包”放置在一輛苔原卡車上。這輛卡車與校車大小相當,但擁有巨型卡車車輪,可以在苔原上自由行駛,方便科學家和游人觀看北極熊(當然他們也被北極熊觀看)。
      在谷歌進行10天培訓后,北極熊國際協會整個秋季都在為丘吉爾港、苔原、北極冰層和北極熊的谷歌街景捕捉圖像。這些圖像可以在谷歌地圖上看到,同時還可以在北極熊國際協會網頁的一個窗口點擊看到。圖像包括北極熊拳擊、在附近冰層漫步和在雪洞里休息的姿態。且近距觀察拍攝,或許將能拍到一兩個北極熊幼崽。
      在加拿大北極地區為谷歌工作的項目經理卡琳?圖森-貝特曼說,除了給更多的人展現丘吉爾港和當地北極熊的近景,這些圖像還將與“2013年10月和11月的景象”的基線記錄一并被提供給北極熊國際協會及其科學家。
      Polar bears may be familiar as the totemic species of climate change, but the fact that they live predominantly on Arctic sea ice means that very few people have the opportunity to see them in the wild.
      A new collaboration between Google and Polar Bears International (PBI) aims to bring a dramatic and up-close polar bear experience into homes and classrooms around the world. The project, launched on International Polar Bear Day, focuses on Churchill, Manitoba, the self-styled "Polar Bear Capital of the World" on the shores of Canada's Hudson Bay.
      Every fall, hundreds of bears gather on the tundra on the outskirts of town, waiting for the bay to freeze so they can set out in search of seals.
      Last year, Google experts visited Churchill during polar bear season and attached a Google Street View "Trekker" on board one of the Tundra Buggies. The buggies are school bus-sized vehicles on monster truck wheels that traverse the tundra allowing scientists and tourists to see (and be seen by) polar bears.
      After 10 days of training from Google, the PBI team spent the season capturing imagery for a Google Street View look at Churchill, the tundra, the sea ice and the bears; as well as being viewable through Google Maps, the imagery can also be accessed via a portal on the PBI website. Imagery includes bears sparring, walking on the nearby sea ice and resting in the snow. And close inspection may even reveal a bear cub or two.
      In addition to exposing the wider world to a close-up view of Churchill and its bears, the imagery will also provide PBI and its scientists with a baseline record "of what everything looked like in October and November of 2013," says Karin Tuxen-Bettman, project manager for Google's work in Canada's Arctic.
      (Source: http://news.discovery.com/animals/endangered-species/polar-bear-habitat-revealed-in-google-street-view-photos-140227.htm)
    轉載注明來源:http://www.361tx.com/1/view-12718036.htm

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